Parts of Speech Pt. 02byvelvetpie©
A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun and there are eight types: personal, relative, interrogative, demonstrative, reflexive, intensive, reciprocal and indefinite.
Personal pronouns refer to people or things. Examples are I, she, he, their and ours. They are going to the opera. Her hair color is horrible.
A relative pronoun is usually associated with adjective clauses and sometimes noun clauses. A few examples would be who, which and what. The man, who clutched the book to his chest, yelled at the child.
Interrogative pronouns introduce questions and examples are Who?, What? and Where? Which house does Brad Pitt live in? When are we going to fuck?
A demonstrative pronoun introduces the antecedent. The antecedent is a word that takes the place of a pronoun and some examples are those and these. This is my sister. Those are my shoes.
A Reflexive pronoun refers back to the subject of the sentence while an intensive pronoun intensifies a noun or pronoun. Some examples are myself, itself and themselves. Used in a reflexive manner, an example would be, He asked himself a stupid question. Used in an intensive manner, an example is, We ourselves enjoyed watching the fight.
Reciprocal pronouns refer back to single parts of a plural antecedent. Examples are each other and one another. The girls slathered each other with whipped cream.
Finally, an indefinite pronoun represents a person, place or thing that is not specified and can be singular or plural. Some examples of singular pronouns are neither, somebody and either and plural examples are few and several. There are a few that rely on the other parts of the sentence to determine if they are singular or plural and examples of these are none, some, any, all and most.
Someone needs to talk to him, is an example of a singular indefinite pronoun. An example of a plural indefinite pronoun would be, Both of the women were beautiful. Two examples of indefinite pronouns that require other sentence parts to determine if singular or plural: Some of the breads are edible; some of the bread is edible.
An adjective is a word that provides description to a noun and can be possessive, demonstrative, interrogative and indefinite. A simple example is, The blue balloon floated over the wall. In some circles, articles such as a, an and the are considered to be adjectives.
Possessive, demonstrative, interrogative and indefinite adjectives are often similar to pronouns. My head is an example of a possessive adjective; This man is an example of a demonstrative adjective; Which temple is an example of an interrogative adjective and Any meat is an example of an indefinite adjective.
An adverb is a word that is used to modify or lends description to adjectives, verbs and sometimes, other adverbs. Most adverbs end in -ly and will answer how, when or where. Some examples are quickly, always and never. Adverbs can also be used in a conjunctive fashion and are used to join clauses together. However and therefore are some well-used conjunctive adverbs.
A preposition is a word that links words to other words in a sentence, most usually pronouns, nouns and phrases. There are quite a few words that are classified as prepositions and just a few examples are on, above, in, behind, below, into and with. Words that follow the preposition are generally known as being part of a prepositional phrase, such as within the bedroom and since the fall.
I don't think anyone will ever forget Schoolhouse Rock's famous "Conjunction Junction" song. The producers of the show used men working in a train yard to illustrate the function of a conjunction. A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases and/clauses and there are two types: coordinating and subordinating.
The most commonly used coordinating conjunctions are and, but and or. The combinations of either/or, both/and and not only/but also are also examples of coordinating conjunctions. A subordinating conjunction is a conjunction that forms a subordinate clause and connects it with the main sentence. Some examples of subordinating conjunctions are who, which, although, because and though.
An example of coordinating conjunction usage would be, I like corn and potatoes. An example of subordinating conjunction usage would be, Since you've been gone, I've been a bad girl.
An interjection is a word or group of words that are usually followed by an exclamation mark. Stop! is a good example of an interjection.