tagHow ToWords of the Week 11

Words of the Week 11


Whenever I read, I keep a pencil handy and I underline words that I don't know and dog ear the page so that I can go back and look them up in the dictionary. I have always been interested in etymology and even took Latin for three years. I hope that these words can help all of us in our writings. Be sure to check out your dictionary for additional usages of the words and spellings associated with changing the word from adjective to adverb to noun ... etc.



Pronounced: AL-o-nihm

Meaning: A name that is assumed by an author but that actually belongs to another person.

Example: For his first novel, Allen considered using John Grisham as an allonym.

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Pronounced: BEE-stee-airy

Meaning: A medieval, often illustrated, work in verse or prose describing with an allegorical moralizing commentary on the appearance and habits of real and fabled animals.

Example: At the Metropolitan Museum, Eli lingered in front of a case containing a French bestiary that told a story about a unicorn and a dragon.

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Pronounced: CARE-ih-ka-tuur-d

Meaning: Represented in exaggeration by means of deliberate simplification and often ludicrous distortion of parts or characteristics.

Example: Those who inaugurated the movement for women's enfranchisement were initially censured and caricatured by the press.

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Pronounced: DRY-add

Meaning: One of the minor divinities of nature in Greek and Roman mythology that are represented as beautiful maidens dwelling in the forests.

Example: Sally likes to sit in her tree house and pretend that she is a dryad.

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Pronounced: eck-ko-lo-KA-shun

Meaning: A process of animal orientation and navigation that involves emission of high-frequency sounds that are reflected back from environing surfaces and thus indicate the relative distance and direction of such surfaces.

Example: Contrary to popular fiction, Erin learned that bats never get tangled in people's hair because their system of echolocation is so accurate.

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Pronouced: fass-TID-di-us-ly

Meaning: In a manner that reflects a meticulous, sensitive or demanding attitude.

Example: Vera's insistence on dressing fastidiously for every occasion precluded her from going anywhere on short notice.

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Pronouced: glen-GARE-ree

Meaning: A woolen cap of Scottish origin, typically having a crease in the crown from front to back and edges bound with ribbon that ends in the back in two small streamers.

Example: Each bagpiper was wearing a glengarry, a kilt, a sporran and spats.

* * * * *



Pronounced: high-per-BORE-ee-in

Meaning: Of, relating to or inhabiting an extreme Northern region; frigid.

Example: Polar bears are among the few animals that can survive in hyperborean regions.

* * * * *



Pronounced: id-ee-o-PA-thick

Meaning: Arising spontaneously or from an obscure or unknown cause.

Example: After carefully examining Leila, the doctor announced that her sudden hearing loss was idiopathic and might disappear with time.

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Pronounced: JUR-nal-eeze

Meaning: A style of writing held to be characteristic of newspapers.

Example: The word transpired is considered journalese because it rarely occurs outside of newspapers.

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Pronounced: KAR-muh

Meaning: In Hinduism and Buddhism, the sum total of the ethical consequences of a person's good or bad actions comprising thoughts, words and deeds.

Example: In Buddhism, harming another being is believed to contribute to bad karma.

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Pronounced: lih-bur-TARE-ree-in

Meaning: One who upholds the principles of individual freedom of thought and action.

Example: A libertarian would cut down constitutional authority to the smallest proportions, while an authoritarian leaves but little scope for private judgment.

* * * * *



Pronounced: mah-so-KISS-tick

Meaning: Relating to, marked by or given to taking pleasure in physical or mental suffering inflicted on one by oneself or another.

Example: Runners have long endured derisive comments from nonrunners about their apparently masochistic tendencies.

* * * * *



Pronounced: noe-MOG-gra-fur

Meaning: A writer of laws.

Example: During his term as a state senator, Wilbur became an experienced nomographer.

* * * * *



Pronounced: OH-pah-kate

Meaning: Make impervious to the rays of visible light.

Example: Because even a small amount of daylight awakens Scott, he uses special shades that opacate his windows.

* * * * *



Pronounced: pik-WIK-key-in

Meaning: Marked by simplicity and generosity of character or by an appearance and manner suggesting these qualities.

Example: Matilda wishes that her principal were more like the Pickwickian headmaster of Tom's school.

* * * * *



Pronounced: kwa-troh-CHEN-toe

Meaning: The 15th century, specifically, the 15th century period in Italian literature and art.

Example: Lorenzo De Medici was one of the chief supporters of Italian art during the quattrocento.

* * * * *



Pronouced: ruh-VIN-dih-kate

Meaning: Recover by a formal demand for restoration.

Example: After German reunification, many who had emigrated to the West during the Cold War attempted to revendicate their former homes.

* * * * *



Pronounced: sah-LIH-fair-uss

Meaning: Producing, impregnate with or containing salt.

Example: The tour guide recommended that the tourists resist the urge to taste the saliferous formations in the mine.

* * * * *


noun, plural; singular version TALARIUM

Pronounced: tah-LAIR-ree-uh

Meaning: Winged shoes fastened to the ankles and chiefly used as an attribute of the god Hermes or Mercury of classical mythology.

Example: The talaria symbolize the speed with which Hermes acts as the messenger of the gods.

* * * * *



Pronounced: un-KON-shun-ab-blee

Meaning: In a manner not guided or controlled by conscience.

Example: Nathan behaved so unconscionably in elementary school that his juvenile delinquency surprises no one.

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Pronounced: ven-na-TORE-ree-ul

Meaning: Of, relating to or used in hunting.

Example: As the duck hunting season begins, Jake can be counted on to retell accounts of his past venatorial successes.

* * * * *


noun, plural; singular version WILE

Pronounced: WHY-ulls

Meaning: Tricks or stratagems intended or ensnare or deceive.

Example: George Washington believed that nations must ultimately depend on themselves alone and warned against "the insidious wiles of foreign influence."

* * * * *



Pronounced: ZEN-no-fo-bick

Meaning: Of, relating to or characterized by fear and hatred of what is foreign and especially of people of foreign origin.

Example: Roger's xenophobic personality made him unfit for the Peace Corps.

* * * * *



Pronounced: YIDD-dish-kite

Meaning: Jewish way of life.

Example: Rabbi Cohen answered questions from the Hebrew school pupils about the fundamental values of Yiddishkeit.

* * * * *



Pronounced: zeh-THE-dick

Meaning: Proceeding by inquiry.

Example: The class government has its own zetetic justice system.

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